Information about the art of wood carving in Uzbekistan

Since ancient times, one of the popular arts in Uzbekistan is woodcarving, the centres of which are found in almost all regions of the republic. In the manufacture of all wooden products, especially household utensils, doors, gates, pillars and supports, chests, tables (sandalwood) and other products, a high relief ornament (shoulder) is widely used. The carved wooden products created by our ancestors and still surviving to us are striking with their variety and richness of ornament. Unique examples of this art form of the early Middle Ages were found in Yumalaktep of Surkhandarya region, Bukhara, Khiva, Samarkand, Shakhrisabz and other archaeological excavations.

The recognized centres of wood carving in Uzbekistan were and remain Khiva, Bukhara, Samarkand, Tashkent, Fergana. Each school is distinguished by its carving technique and patterns. The ornamental decoration of a tree is one of the ancient arts of Uzbekistan, which was handed down by craftsmen from generation to woodcarving work generation. The art of woodcarving distinguishes three main styles: “Bagdadi”, “Islimi” and “Pargori”. The style of Bagdadi is an ornament that represents geometric patterns. “Pargori” – flat-relief carving, whose name comes from the word “compasses”. The carver applies ornaments in the form of circles, triangles, squares with a ruler and a compass. And then on these ornaments, a pattern is marked. The style of carving “Islimi” is a complex floral pattern. First, the master paints this ornament on paper, and only then he puts on a tree. The best wood carving in Uzbekistan you can find on Different products are made by masters from different types of trees, such as karagach, walnut, chinara, weeping willow, apricot tree, mulberry tree. All types of trees undergo drying before use. they are placed in a dry warm room for a long time. Today Uzbek masters have achieved real art in carving. There are different schools of wood carving – Khorezm, Ferghana, Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara. Their most complicated methods of carving the master perform with the help of more than 20 types of incisors.

The cities and villages of the Ferghana Valley have long been famous for their skilful processing of wood, and Kokand is considered one of the wooden carvings of the recognized centres of this craft. The origins of the Kokand style of carving originate from the works of 18th-19th-century masters who created the famous delicate columns of the cathedral Juma mosque and the carved lace of the wooden decor of Khudoyar Khan’s palace. One of the remarkable representatives of the galaxy of carver craftsmen in Kokand of the last century is usto Kadyrzhan Khaidarov – a worthy representative of the family dynasty. On the territory of the Khudoyar Khan Palace in Kokand, a museum dedicated to the life and work of the great master was opened.